This is truly the result of hooved animals being on the soil. This is what you get from just scratching the surface of rotationally grazing animals. This land when we first moved here was mostly covered in junk and sage brush. 2 years ago we started the cleanup process. We started picking up all of the junk laying around. This was old PVC, galvanized pipe fittings, and car parts. I even hauled a full size freezer to the dump! We paid a heavy equipment operator to come clear the sage brush for us. He used an excavator and it took around 8 hours. After he cleared most of the large stuff, we had him make a pile of it on the edge of a huge ravine that splits our property. We also left a couple 8×8 piles of it on the land for sage grouse and wild rabbits. At the start of spring in 2021 we started slowly rotationally grazing a small herd of our goats. We ran them under the huge pine trees and let them reach up as far as they could to eat the pine needles. (Pine needles also serve as a natural de-wormer for them) After they were through under one tree, we would move them to the next. After they finished all of the trees, we went behind them and pruned the trees up about 4-5 feet from the ground. This allowed light to penetrate under the trees starting the grass growing process. Where we live, we see a lot of wildfires every year, allowing the goats to eat the pine needles, and then pruning the branches back, created a more fire wise landscape for us. Fast forward to 2022, we now have 200 cornish cross chickens being moved daily and are about ready to move the goats back out to start eating the fast growing grass! Animals when moved often, help improve the land and provide a essential component, their manure. Without it, it would still be bare land.